Overview of Dentistry: Drugs and Usages
It is important for dentists to understand the drugs that they use for their medical procedures on patients since there are many varieties of medicine that apply to specific situations. Some patients can be allergic to certain drugs, and in other cases, the structure of the patient’s mouth can affect the brands of medicine that can be used.
Here are some of the drugs that dentists use to control pain and anxiety:
- Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: Most of the time, anti-inflammatory drugs consist of corticosteroids that reduce inflammation and redness in the gum and mouth. These medications are prescription only, and they relieve the mild pain and swelling caused by the dental tools of the dentist.
- Anesthetics: The main use of dental anesthetics is to relieve irritation from issues such as toothaches, teething, and sores in the mouth. For adolescents, anesthetics are a primary method of reducing the soreness caused by the introduction of braces.
Additionally, the medicine used by dentists expands past the purpose of reducing pain. There are many drugs that can be applied to reduce the amount of plaque on teeth and amount of gingivitis present in the gums. These types of medication are used to preserve the condition of the mouth
Here is a list of the medications that are used to control germs and decay that can occur in the mouth:
- Antiseptics: Antiseptics are a common type of medication that can be acquired without a prescription. It is a type of mouth rinse that can wash away the plaque in between the teeth and the gums as well as reduce the amount of bad breath stemming from certain types of germs.
- Flouride: Flouride is a type of drug that dentists use to stop tooth decay from occurring in the mouth. It is a component of many brands of toothpaste and it is not necessary to have a prescription to purchase the drug. The medication is absorbed by the teeth to improve the tooth’s ability to protect itself from acid and bacteria that can lead to the creation of a cavity. Additionally, fluoride is a component of types of mouth wash and it is used by the manufacturer to reduce the sensitivity of the nerves in the tooth.
Note: Patients who are allergic to tartrazine (a type of dye found in processed drugs) should not be using fluoride as a medication. Additionally, patients who use iron or calcium supplements should be wary of the effects that fluoride can have.
Furthermore, dentists provide antibiotics to patients who suffer from a variety of issues. These antibiotics can be used in combination with surgery, or various oral diseases.
Here are some varieties of the antibiotics that dentists use:
- Tetracyclines:Patients who undergo dental surgery may be prescribed tetracyclines to reduce the bacteria that be connected to periodontal diseases and mitigate the separation of the tooth from the gums. This anti-biotic can be found in various forms such as gels, fibers, micro-spheres, and mouth rinses.
- Antifungals: Patients who suffer from oral thrush may need anti-fungals in order to prevent the growth of Candida fungus. These drugs are ingested by the patient and can be found in the form of pills, liquids, and Iozenges.
Dentistry requires many forms of medication and it is important for dentists to understand the drugs that are available to them. Patients can suffer from a variety of issues and there are many drugs that can be used individually, or in conjunction with other drugs, to prevent or reduce oral issues. These medications can provide tremendous benefits when they are made available to patients.