Pro Dental Group

Pro Dental Group

1240 Sunset Blvd. Suite #200
Rocklin, CA 95765
Call for appointment today
(916) 625-1435

Why Are Digital X-rays Better for Environment?

Digital X-rays are quickly replacing traditional X-rays within the dental field due to being a more eco-friendly and healthy alternative. Digital X-rays use a much smaller amount of radiation than traditional X-rays and do not require a chemical cure, which is they are considered to be better for the environment.

What are digital X-rays?

A digital X-ray is a machine that dental professionals use to scan the mouth of the patient to view the bone structure of their jaw and teeth. A digital X-ray uploads the scan photographs directly to a computer for quick viewing, where as a traditional X-ray requires the scans to be printed out and then cured using a combination of chemicals. Having the X-ray scans on a computer allows dental professionals to easily keep record of patient’s mouths and update their files much more easily without having to do any scanning. Having the photographs on a computer also allows dental professionals to zoom in on the scan and more adequately observe problem areas.

What is the purpose of digital X-rays?

A digital X-ray is used to scan the mouths of patients to view inside and see the layout of their teeth and jaw. This is done to make sure there are no unknown problems that cannot be seen without the x-ray. Dental professionals use X-rays to ensure all teeth are growing in properly and that any teeth are not causing complications.

How are digital X-rays more environmentally friendly?

Digital X-rays are more environmentally friendly than traditional X-rays because they use computer uploads, which gets rid of the chemical development. They also require less radiation which is safer for the health of patients.

  • No chemical development: Before the existence of traditional X-rays, each time a dental professional needed to scan the mouth of patients, they were required to print out a photograph and then cure it using a special combination of chemicals. When using these chemicals, they would release a fume that would be vented out of the dental office. These fumes were not environmentally friendly as most fumes, so they were rid of when computer generated X-rays made their debut. When patients come in for their yearly X-rays dental professionals no longer have to cure their photos but instead they are automatically uploaded to their computers. This change is what makes digital X-rays the most environmentally friendly, but the less radiation used also creates a healthier alternative.
  • Less radiation: Digital X-rays utilize about 90 percent less radiation to view the bone structures of patient’s mouths, which is a significant difference. Although most dental professionals provide precautions when it comes to using dental X-rays such as a lead cover to place over the torso of patients and sunglasses to protect their eyes, the risk of negative health side effects is still a concern. Using digital X-rays lowers the risk of damage to health from radiation poisoning, which leads to a healthier community and thusly a healthier environment as well.

Your Beautiful Smile Waiting at the End of the Rainbow

Your smile is a vital part of your overall appearance. Unfortunately, not everyone has a smile that they love. While there are plenty of people who have nice or even average smiles, there are just as many people who are displeased with the look of their teeth or gums. This could be due to a variety of issues, but the emotional toll that the embarrassment can take is all the same.

The good news is that people who are embarrassed of their smile are not out of luck. Instead, there is a host of dental options that can help to restore your smile. And with St. Patrick’s Day right around the corner, your new smile might be waiting for you at the end of the rainbow.

General Care

Your teeth are going to need proper attention and care every single day. The good news is that it’s only about six to10 minutes per day, but that is the minimum amount of time that you should spend taking care of your teeth each day. These few minutes should consist of brushing your teeth for at least three minutes in the morning and for another three minutes in the evening. You should be flossing at least once a day, and using mouthwash at any point when you can’t keep up with brushing. By maintaining a strict daily routine for general care, your teeth will be in much better shape for the long run.

Many people use a toothbrush that isn’t the right size, floss that isn’t the proper strength or mouthwash at times when it’s not helpful. Therefore, talk to your dentist about the best dental equipment for your needs. Not only will they show you what is best, but they’ll also help to make sure you are using them properly as well.

Dental Treatments

Speaking of dental visits be sure that you keep those. After all, your teeth and gums will need to be seen periodically throughout the year and not just when something is wrong. The correct way to go about visiting the dentist is to do so every six months. During this time, the dentist will take a look at your teeth and gums, and then suggest any changes that need to be made. If everything looks good, at least you’ll know that you are doing everything right. Dentists also can do:

  • Professional teeth whitening
  • Dental veneers
  • Crowns and caps
  • Permanent implants
  • Invisible braces
  • And much more

If you are unhappy with the way that your smile looks, take the time to talk to them this spring about the changes you can consider.

Dental Prevention

Be sure that you are keeping up with proper dental prevention if you want to have a beautiful smile. If you are an athlete, this means that you should be wearing a mouthguard and staying hydrated throughout the day. If you play an instrument or use your mouth for your profession, then make sure you have the right equipment to keep your teeth and gums healthy. As you can see, there are a variety of possible scenarios. They will help to ensure that your daily routine isn’t something that is negatively hurting your teeth or gums, and also suggest ways to make sure you are as healthy as possible.

Your teeth and gums are a vital part of who you are. Therefore, it’s only right that your smile really represents who you are. If it doesn’t, then consider the tips here for keeping up with daily maintenance, as well as general care, of your teeth and gums.

Dental Veneers Will Transform Your Smile This Holiday Season

Dental veneers were once thought to be a cosmetic dental treatment that only the rich and famous of Hollywood could afford. However, as dental technology advanced over the last few years, it became something that is much more available and affordable. This means that dental veneers are quickly growing to be an incredibly popular treatment option for those that are not pleased with the look of their

Even though dental veneers can result in a completely transformed smile that is beautiful, it’s still a relatively intensive dental treatment that will require a few visits to a cosmetic dentist office. For those that don’t feel comfortable when visiting the dentist, the intensified nervousness may be what is hindering you from getting this dental treatment.

Since dental veneers are such a transformative cosmetic option, it’s important that you don’t let your fears prohibit you from considering this treatment. To help you with the process, here is what you can expect when you visit your cosmetic dentist to discuss the options for dental veneers.

Finding The Right Cosmetic Dentist

It’s highly recommended that you do a lot of research into a cosmetic dentist before you visit them for the first time, as dental veneers are something that will last you for many years to come. Here are a few things to consider when researching for a good cosmetic dentists:

  • The length of time that they have been performing cosmetic dentistry treatments.
  • The type of equipment that they use for dental veneers.
  • The guarantee that they offer with your dental veneer treatment.
  • The reviews and feedbacks that the dentist has with previous clients.

Once you find a dentist that satisfies all of these requirements, then you can schedule your first appointment.

The Initial Visit

Your initial visit is a great time for you to get to know your dentist and feel more comfortable with their services. Right as you walk into their office, their staff will welcome you with a friendly smile that eases your nerves and makes you feel more comfortable. As you make your way to the dental chair, the oral hygienist will likely stop you and get an x-ray of your teeth. This helps to give the dentist a better idea of your oral foundation and the best route to consider for dental veneers.

Once the dentist comes in, they will take a look at your teeth and ask you questions about your oral hygiene and also give you information on dental veneers. This process is to assess your oral hygiene and ensure dental veneers are right for you.

The dentist will then get a mould of our mouth and then send it to the lab to have your temporary veneers made.

The Temporary Veneers

After the mold is made, your dentist will call you back into their office to set the temporary veneers in place. To do this, they will give you a sedative and then start trimming your natural teeth. Once the temporary veneers are in place, you can look in the mirror and give feedback regarding your satisfaction with the veneers or any changes that you’d like to have completed.

Keep in mind that your dentist will also place the temporary veneers on your teeth for about a week, or until your permanent veneers are ready to go.

The Final Setting

Your next appointment to the dentist is going to be a life-changing experience. It’s during this trip that you’ll be able to have your final veneers placed on your teeth. To do so, your dentist will remove the temporary veneers and then drill away any excess that needs to be cleaned up. After that, they will then place your permanent veneers. Before they apply the permanent bonding, you will be asked to assess your new smile once more. Assuming you are pleased with it, they will then apply a permanent bond with a UV light. This will add strength and make your veneers last for years to come.

Cosmetic dental veneers can completely change how you feel about your smile. But in order to ensure that you feel comfortable with the entire process, be sure to consider every step along the way as mentioned here.

Help Santa Have a Brighter Smile This Christmas with These Midnight Snacks

It’s almost that time of year again, when Santa and his little helpers are making their lists and checking them twice. If you have a little one in your household who has been good this year, then he or she is probably waiting anxiously for Santa, Rudolph and the gang to make their way to your home this holiday season.

Whoever started the idea of giving cookies to Santa was obviously incredibly generous. After all, who wouldn’t love a plate full of freshly made chocolate chip cookies to fill their belly before a long journey across the world in a sled? But while cookies may be good for the soul, they aren’t as good for Santa’s teeth. And as much as you may not like hearing it, the same is to be said for your teeth, as well.

As you and your kids prepare a little treat for Santa this holiday season, here are some alternatives to cookies that you can leave out. These options will help Santa have a more beautiful smile, which he will enjoy having once he’s on vacation with Mrs. Claus for the New Year. And oh yeah, these tips are good for you too as you go through the holiday season as well.

Celery and Carrots

Vegetables are very good for your teeth. Not only are they full of healthy vitamins and minerals, but they also don’t have added sugar and other things that come from other sweets. In addition, Santa will have better teeth thanks to the saliva that celery and carrots creates, as this will help to clear up bacteria that is left from cookies and eggnog. If that’s not enough, don’t forget that Santa’s reindeer also love carrots and celery, and you’ll need to make sure their bellies are full this holiday season, as well!


Raisins are a fantastic idea for anyone on the go this holiday season. Whether it’s you that’s looking for a little something to boost your energy while Christmas shopping, or Santa who is hoping to cut own on calories, raisins are the ideal snack. Raisins do not contain sucrose, which is ideal for helping with your oral health, but they are still sweet so they taste quite good. In addition, raisins have a little bit of iron, and phytochemicals in them, which can help with killing bacteria that would otherwise lead to plaque buildup.

Sugarless Gum

Another great snack idea that you can leave out for the big guy this holiday season is sugarless gum. After all, it’s likely that Santa gets a bad case of dry mouth as he is hopping from home to home christmas Eve. In order to help him keep his mouth fresh and smelling great, a pack of sugarless gum will be much appreciated.


Santa is going to need a lot of strength if he’s going to be lugging around toys to all of the good boys and girls this holiday season. Spinach is great because it is full of protein that will help to boost Santa’s muscles. In addition, spinach is full of helpful vitamins and minerals that will boost stronger teeth and gums.


Obviously Santa shouldn’t be drinking and driving this Christmas, so you might want to leave the wine locked up in the cellar. However, you can still leave out some cheese for the big guy and he’ll likely greatly appreciate it. Not only is cheese tasty, but it’s also full of calcium and vitamin D. Both of these vitamins are ideal for helping to build strong bones and teeth, both of which a guy Santa’s age probably needs.


Along with cheese, milk is loaded with vitamin D and calcium, as well. Even though you might want to steer away from the cookies this Christmas, there is nothing wrong with leaving out a bit of milk, or even eggnog, for Santa to wet his palate with when he comes to your home.

Dark Chocolate Cookies

If you insist on loading up the big guy with cookies, that’s completely fine, too. After all, Santa’s New Year’s resolutions probably don’t start until the following week, so he might as well enjoy as many cookies as he possibly can. However, instead of giving him cookies that are full of nuts or milk chocolate, both of which can be bad for oral health, instead include dark chocolate in the ingredients. Dark chocolate has actually been proven to be beneficial for teeth, and Santa will be happy with the change in cookie flavors that you are offering.

Keeping Your Children’s Teeth Clean and Safe

At Pro Dental Group, Dr. Nguyen and the staff really love it when kids come to visit us. We know that children may not enjoy visiting the dentist very much, which is why we make a diligent effort to ensure that they can feel relaxed and calm in an otherwise unnerving setting. After all, the care and attention that is put towards your children’s teeth in their early years will form the foundation of their oral health for the remainder of their lives. In order to make sure that your children have a head start towards having great and healthy teeth, here are some things to consider in the early years.

It’s Never Too Early To Visit

Many parents think that they don’t need to take their child to the dentist until after they have started showing teeth. However, this is most certainly not the case. In fact, you may be surprised to find out that we highly recommend that expecting mothers come to visit us during their pregnancy. This gives us the opportunity to look out for pregnancy gingivitis, which could wreak havoc on a mother and a newborn.

Once the child has been born, then it’s time to start bringing them in for a visit. Dr. Nguyen can take a look at your newborns gums, just to make sure that everything is looking safe and healthy before their teeth start coming in. Once the teeth start sprouting up, then we’ll give even more detailed attention and provide them with cleanings.

No matter what, it’s important that you don’t wait until your child has a full set of teeth before you visit us for the first time. This will put your child far behind on the path to having healthy teeth, and it could be a long road to try and resolve. Do yourself a favor and get off on the right foot and your child will thank you later in life.

Keep On Visiting

Taking your child to the dentist just once or twice is not going to be enough to help them maintain their oral health. In truth, even going once a year isn’t going to be enough. Instead, you need to make sure that you are continually visiting the dentist at least twice a year if you want your children to have the best teeth possible. Not only will visiting the dentist ensure that your child has healthy teeth, but it also will instill good habits. Sooner or later your children are going to be out on their own. If they think that visiting the dentist is a normal and routine thing to do, then they won’t think twice about keeping up the habit. In addition, taking your child to the dentist gives you a reason to make an appointment for yourself, and we always love seeing you as well.

Give Them The Right Tools

Your children needs the right tools in order to keep their teeth clean on a daily basis. This includes a toothbrush that is the right size for their teeth and gums, floss that is easy to use, and even mouthwash that they can rinse with. If your child doesn’t have the right tools to keep their mouth clean, then it’s likely that their dental visits are going to come with much less positive news about their oral health.

Keep On Them

Once you’ve given your children the tools they need to keep their teeth clean, stay on them about keeping up with their habits. Make sure that they are brushing multiple times a day, and even take the time to brush with them. This is a great way to spend family time, while also making sure that everyone has the cleanest and healthiest teeth and gums possible.

Consider Dental Treatments When Needed

In the event that your child needs to have dental work done, it’s highly recommended that you don’t wait to do so. Instead, if your child needs braces, fillings, dental sealants, or anything else, it’s much better to get these things done as quickly as possible. It may be an unexpected expense to have this work completed, but it’ll protect their overall oral health as they get older. After all, they only get one set of teeth, so you should do your best to help them keep them safe.

Your child may not be as eager about keeping up with their oral care as you are, but it’s still something they need to learn. In order to keep your child’s teeth safe and clean, keep these tips in mind during the early years.

Dental Habits For Healthy Teeth

When you were growing up as a child, it’s likely that your parents told you that you have to brush your teeth at least twice a day if you want to have great oral health. And if you didn’t get that message, it’s important that you start adhering to it now. However, before you just go and grab any toothbrush, it’s important to note that brushing your teeth daily isn’t the only thing that you should consider for great oral health. In fact, many people who brush twice daily are surprised to find out that they don’t have quite the oral health that they thought they did, which could result in needing more extensive care from your dentist. Here are some tips to limit the possibilities of your teeth being damaged.

Are You Using The Right Toothbrush?

This one is very important, so you should probably make note of it right away. The toothbrush that you have in your medicine cabinet may not be the best brush for you and your mouth. That’s right. Brushing your teeth routinely won’t matter, especially if you’re not using the right toothbrush.

The first thing that you’ll want to consider when looking at your toothbrush is whether or not it has a head that is accommodating for your mouth. Many people use larger brushes and think that this is better for covering more space. However, larger brushes make it more difficult to get into the small cracks and crevices of your cavity. Therefore, make sure that your brush is the perfect size for your mouth.

In addition to the size of your head, you’ll also want to make sure that you are using a toothbrush that has bristles that are the right strength. The problem here is that many people will opt for a brush with hard bristles, as they think it is helpful with breaking off pieces of plaque and bacteria, or soft bristles, because anything harder is too rough on the teeth and gums. However, the best option for you may be a medium-strength toothbrush, which often offers the best strength for your mouth. If you have further questions about which bristle strength is best for you, your dentist can give you more advice and insight into your specific case.


Is Your Toothbrush Still In Great Condition?

Maybe you already have a toothbrush that fits perfectly and has bristles with the right strength. However, now it’s time to ask how long you’ve been using that brush. If it’s been more than three months, you’ve gone too long and it’s time for a replacement. If you are a hard brusher, you may even need to change out your toothbrush more frequently. To determine whether or not you need a new brush, take a look at the bristles. If they aren’t standing upright and instead fall to the side, that’s a great indicator that it’s time to make the change.


Don’t Forget To Floss

Your dentist is likely going to be quite happy with you if you brush your teeth at least twice a day. However, if you want them to be even more impressed with the care that you give your teeth, then you won’t want to skip out on flossing as well. Flossing is vital for building strong gums, and it will also help to break up small particles that your toothbrush can’t reach. While it’s highly recommended that you brush at least twice daily, you should also try and fit in flossing at least once a day as well.


Use Mouthwash When In A Hurry

Your dentist is likely going to tell you that mouthwash should not be used on its own for the best oral care. After all, mouthwash doesn’t have the strength that a toothbrush or floss does. With mouthwash you are simply cleansing your mouth of bacteria without giving your teeth and gums a really good scrubbing. However, if you truly don’t have the time to brush your teeth, then using mouthwash is a wonderful way to keep your breath smelling great and to clean out your mouth.

You only get one set of teeth – or at least one natural set, that is. Therefore, keep these tips in mind when at home if you want to have the best oral care possible. The next time you visit your dentist, they’ll be sure to applaud you for your efforts and you’ll be pleased with how beautiful your smile looks.


The Benefits of Dental Implants

The Benefits of Dental Implants

Dental implants, like the name suggests, are embedded replacements for your natural teeth. Once your teeth have been removed through a professional dental procedure, you can opt for different artificial replacement options. Among these options are dentures and implants. A dental implant is placed in the jaw bone so that it can fuse with your natural jawbone and become a strong base for the replacement teeth. Dental implants come with two main supplement products, namely abutment, which is a connector built on the top of the implant. A crown, which is a replacement tooth custom-made to match your natural tooth, and the main implant a tapered post usually made of titanium. Dental implants are the closest one can get to natural teeth. In fact, dental implants have a lot of benefits such as:

Natural Touch

Unlike other tooth replacement options which may lead to bone deterioration and eventual complications, dental implants are the closest you can get in having a set of healthy, natural, and strong teeth. Dental implants make the teeth to look, feel, and function exactly as natural teeth. It is this touch of originality that makes dental implants stand out amongst other teeth replacement options.

Guard your Teeth Bone

Dental implants are the most dependable teeth replacement method that will preserve and take care of your natural bone. It will also help in stimulating bone growth and in turn preventing its loss. Dental implants are greatly preferred over the rest of the methods because when your jaw bone remains empty after a tooth has been removed, the jaw bone will deteriorate and loose its strength and firmness.

No Cavities

Dental cavities cannot occur in an implant restored crown, or even on a replacement tooth. Therefore you will have no time to worry about suffering from any dental cavities any more. However, you will still have to keep up with your dentist checkup appointments so that you can clean and care for your dental implants.

It’s Dependable

Dental implants have a proven record as the best tooth replacement method over all the rest. It has been reliable and with great long term successful outcomes. In fact, it has proven very helpful in the re-treatment of falling root canal therapy. In addition to that, while traditional tooth supported dental bridges only last for up to seven years, dental implants can last a life time when properly placed and cared for over time.

Retaining your Natural Face

Since dental implants help in maintaining your full dental formula, they will keep the same look on your natural face, and prevent it from looking sad, sunken, or out of shape. This will add you confidence and prevent you from feeling uncomfortable. They will also ensure that your teeth tightly remain in place and that there is no chance of them falling off anymore.


Dental implants are a first choice teeth replacement method. It is safe and doesn’t lead to any more dental complications. Having a dental implant is therefore very commendable as it is considered the most long lasting tooth replacement solution.

Providing Ease During Tooth Extractions

Providing Ease During Tooth Extractions

Improper oral hygiene can lead to periodontal disease and a variety of other issues with a patient’s mouth. When this happens, the foundation of the gums can be compromised and in turn, could result in the necessity of extracting one or multiple teeth. Finding out that they need to get a tooth extracted is not something any patient wants to hear. In fact, this procedure can cause great anxiety for patients. This is why it is vital for dentists to be able to provide each client with a relaxing and comfortable environment. Not only will it put the patient at ease, but will make for an easier dental procedure. So, here are some things that dentists should keep in mind, especially when working on dental extractions.

Inform The Patient

Coming right out and telling the patient they need a tooth extraction may not be the best way to start a conversation about treatment. The fact of the matter is, the word “extraction,” can be scary and may lead your patient to completely avoid getting the procedure done. However, taking time to explain to the patient what caused the infection and why they need a tooth extraction may be a better tact. While openly communicating these things you can gently help your patient accept this procedure as something that cannot be avoided. Furthermore, you can express the urgency of the extraction, as well as what to expect during the process. The more a dental practice does to help ease the nerves of the patient with open communication, the more likely they will feel at ease and the procedure will be a success. If all goes well, when a patient tells their family and friends about the great dental service that they received, other patients who have the need for a tooth extraction will keep your services in mind.

A Relaxing Environment

In addition to providing your patient proper information, you can further ease their nerves by giving them a relaxing atmosphere in your office. This will help them feel more calm and relaxed every time they visit. The experience of being at the dental office begins from the moment they walk in the door. As such, it is important to decorate your entryway and front office appropriately, as well as keep it clean. Furthermore, your staff should welcome patients, always treating them with care and concern, so that they won’t change their mind and walk right back out the door.

As for the treatment rooms, you can provide your patient with a relaxing chair to sit in and remain comfortable during the more invasive procedures. You might also consider keeping your operating instruments out of sight until you need them. Seeing them laid out, sparkling and sharp, might increase any anxiety your patient may already have. If you are lucky enough to have an office with a view, you should open up the windows and let your patient’s mind wander outside. In the event that you don’t have a large window, considering putting a TV in the room. That way the patient can remain distracted while you perform the extraction. The environment your dental office is something you can and should control to help keep your patient anxiety free.

Post-Care Treatment

After your patient has left the office, it is important to keep in contact with them about their routine care. The best thing to do 48 hours after a dental extraction is follow up with a call and ensure everything is going as planned. Your patient may assume pain or bleeding is part of the process, but a personal phone call is a thoughtful gesture and you can easily monitor their concerns. You can also make sure nothing is abnormal or in excess of the expected side-effects. The more attention you give your client during and after their tooth extraction, the better they will feel about your services. If they are impressed with your care, they will likely spread your name as a reliable and trustworthy dentist. This positive, word of mouth marketing can do wonders for your reputation and bring in new clients.

A tooth extraction can be one of the most straining dental procedures a client has to undergo. However, there are many things you can do to ease the process and calm their anxiety. The more smoothly the procedure goes the better for the patient and the practice.


Recommendations on Observing During


ANZCA - Professional Documents 2014-05-28 05-11-23Observing of primary physiological variables throughout anesthesia is vital. Medical Judgment will conclude how long this Observing should be continued following completion of anesthesia.

The health care capacity in which the method is being executed is answerable for the provision of equipment for anesthesia and Observing on the advice of one or more selected expert anesthetists and for efficient preservation of the equipment.

Some or all of the suggestions in this article may need to be gone beyond depending on the physical status of the patient, the kind and complication of the surgery to be achieved as well as the necessities of anesthesia.

The explained observing must always be used in combination with careful clinical inspection by the anesthetist as there are conditions in which equipment may not detect unfavorable clinical developments.

The below recommendations refer to patients undergoing general anesthesia or major regional anesthesia for diagnostic or therapeutic procedures and should be interpreted in conjunction with other professional documents published by the Australian and New Zealand college of anesthetists.

1- Personnel

Medical observing by an attentive anesthetist is the basis of safe patient care during anesthesia. This should be the addition of suitable plans to assist the anesthetist.

A remedial practitioner whose solitary liability is the stipulation of anesthesia care for that patient must be continually present from orientation of anesthesia until safe shift to recovery room staff or intensive care unit has been accomplished.

In outstanding conditions short absences of the person primarily in charge for the anesthetic may be inescapable. In such conditions that person may momentarily pass on inspection of the patient to an suitably experienced person who is judged to be competent for the task. Permanent handover of liability must be to an anesthetist who is able to accept continued responsibility for the care of the patient.

The person anesthetist is in charge for monitoring the patient and should ensure that suitable monitoring equipment is available. Some measures demand special observing equipment is available. Some measures necessitate special observing or remote observing to reduce hazed to staff.

2- Patient Observing

The movement must be observing at frequent and medical suitable periods by uncovering of the major pulse and measurement of arterial blood pressure by indirect or direct means.


Ventilation must be observed continuously by both direct and indirect means.


Oximetric standards must be interpreted in conjunction with clinical observation of the patient. Adequate lighting must be available to aid with assessment of patient color.

3- Equipment

Oxygen Supply Failure Alarm

A mechanically activate tool to observe oxygen supply pressure and warn of low pressure must be fitted to the anesthesia delivery system is in use.

Oxygen analyzer

A device incorporating an audible signal to warn of low oxygen concentrations, correctly fitted in the breathing system, must be in continuous operation for every patient when an anesthesia delivery system is in use.

Pulse Oximeter

Pulse Oximetry gives confirmation of level of oxygen diffusion of the hemoglobin of arterial blood and identifies arterial pulsation at the site of application.

Breathing System Disconnection or Ventilator Failure Alarm

When an automatic ventilator is in use, an Observe capable of warning promptly of a breathing system disconnection or ventilator is in use, an observe capable of warning promptly of a breathing system disconnection or ventilator failure must be in continuous operation. This must be automatically activated.


Equipment to Observe and continually display the electrocardiograph must be available for every anaesthetized patient.

Temperature Observation

Equipment to observe temperature continuously must be available for every anaesthetized patient

Carbon Dioxide Observation

An observation of carbon dioxide level in inhaled and exhaled gases must be in use for every patient in whom neuromuscular blockade has been induced.